Thursday, May 19, 2011


Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Flag of PennsylvaniaState seal of Pennsylvania
Nickname(s): Keystone State; Quaker State;
Coal State; Oil State; State of Independence
Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence
Map of the United States with Pennsylvania highlighted
Official language(s)None (English, de facto)
Spoken language(s)English 91.6%
Spanish 3.1%
Pennsylvania Dutch
Largest cityPhiladelphia
Largest metro areaDelaware Valley
Area Ranked 33rd in the U.S.
 - Total46,055 sq mi
(119,283 km2)
 - Width280 miles (455 km)
 - Length160 miles (255 km)
 - % water2.7
 - Latitude39°43′ N to 42°16′ N
 - Longitude74°41′ W to 80°31′ W
Population Ranked 6th in the U.S.
 - Total12,702,379(2010.)
- Density283.9/sq mi  (109.6/km2)
Ranked 11th in the U.S.
 - Median income US$48,562 (26th)
 - Highest pointMount Davis
3,213 ft  (979 m)
 - Mean1,099 ft  (335 m)
 - Lowest pointDelaware River
0 ft  (0 m)
Before statehoodProvince of Pennsylvania
Admission to Union December 12, 1787 (2nd)
GovernorTom Corbett (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJim Cawley (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 - Upper houseState Senate
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsBob Casey, Jr. (D)
Pat Toomey (R)
U.S. House delegation12 Republicans, 7 Democrats 
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
AbbreviationsPA Penn. or Penna. US-PA
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania  is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jerseyto the east. The state's four most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, and Erie. The state capital is Harrisburg.
Pennsylvania has 51 miles (82 km) of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles (92 km) of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. As of the 2000, and 2010census, Pennsylvania has one of the largest European American populations and a strong African American population.

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